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Halyard’s argument is that competition breeds both friendship and a sense of alienation. He discusses the two conceptions of the individual, and refers to them as the relational and the monadic. The monadic conception views humans to be an “autonomous, self-reliant monad, whose essence, literally whose being, Is Intrinsic” (Holland 29). Consequently, concluding our relations with others will not make us who we are. Nietzsche believed that friendships arise when “fearfulness” of an autonomous individual occurs. He related this concept to that of a “free gift”.

On the contrary, Holland states, “According to the spokesman for the relational Individual, we are relational by nature. We are what we are and who we are… Len terms of the name and nature of our relations with other” (30). Holland references Socrates view on the human soul as “decisively characterized by Eros” (31). Eros Is then characterized by three fundamental aspects- Incompleteness, recognition and the striving to overcome the impartiality. This view confirms the notion that we are both relational and monadic. Because we are incomplete, we are not autonomous.

Humans realize this and take different measures to strive to overcome their deficiency. When the incompleteness is experienced, the method you choose to overcome it is what makes one a unique individual. Holland clarifies this concept by stating, “… Our Eros individualizes us… But it individualizes us as relational beings. The beings that get individualized by their Eros are relational beings” (32). Holland uses responsive openness to explain that because we lack completeness, we look to there for what fulfillment can be ours.

This concept entitles us to ” be open to others, aware of their presence, their nature, and their possible relation to us” (33). With that being said, we must not merely be open, but rather respond to their openness. Holland portrays this concept by referring to the nature of philosophers. Philosophers ask multitude of questions, which exhibits their lack of knowledge, or incompleteness. Consequently, by their questioning, it shows their recognition and openness to strive for the answer, or completeness.

The original meaning of the word competition translates to “to question together, to strive together” (33). Through competition, there is a possibility friendship because competition is merely “a questioning of each other, a striving for excellence together… So that each participant achieves a level of excellence” (34). On the other hand, the word “opposition” means to “posit ourselves against the other” which constitutes alienation. However, more competition-related words relate to friendship than alienation.

Holland confirms, the apotheosis or highest version of competition Is friendship” (35). With this conclusion, I find no fault. I credit Holland with compelling accusations and arguments throughout the article. Friendship Competition Paper By racetracks “autonomous, self-reliant monad, whose essence, literally whose being, is intrinsic” (Holland 29). Consequently, concluding our relations with others will not the contrary, Holland states, “According to the spokesman for the relational individual, we are relational by nature.

We are what we are and who we are… N terms of the on the human soul as “decisively characterized by Eros” (31). Eros is then characterized by three fundamental aspects- incompleteness, recognition and the striving to overcome the impartiality. This view confirms the notion that we are both Philosophers ask a multitude of questions, which exhibits their lack of knowledge, or competition-related words relate to friendship than alienation. Holland confirms, “the apotheosis or highest version of competition is friendship” (35). With this conclusion,

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